What are the Main Elements of a Poem?

woman-reading-887274_640A poem has five main elements. These are:

Imagery

Imagery is what happens when a poet uses words that appeal to our senses. Through his/her words, we perceive ideas and images. Imagery unites the poet and the reader. It is important because it is a language that carries us to a particular time, experience, and place. If the image is effective, the reader understands the emotion that is conveyed by the poem.

Diction

The manner in which the poet chooses his or her words is called diction. Every word in the poem is very important. Unnecessary words should not be used because they obscure the necessary language in the poem.

Sound

Sound in the poem is very important. Poems are meant to be heard. As poets, we should pay attention to the sound and meaning of language.

Metaphor

Comparing two different things (to help the reader see something in a more meaningful way) is known as metaphor. For example, “Life is a river” is a metaphor.

Theme

Theme is the main purpose of the poem. It expresses the poet’s idea about the facts of the world. Examples of the themes include hate, love, fears, growing old etc.

References

http://web.gccaz.edu/~rbarstac/291Final/291Fall08/OldTradLit/291onFall06/OldTradLit/Key%20Elements%20of%20Poetry.htm

http://www.literarydevices.com/diction/

http://www.familyfriendpoems.com/poem/article-similes-and-metaphor

http://diymfa.com/writing/theme-important

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How to Create Memorable Characters for Your Story

Before you start writing a story, just take some time to create new and fresh characters. Avoid using someone else’s character because you will end up being branded as a hacker. Be a master planner and use your own characters. The following tips will help you to create your own memorable characters:

1) Start by giving your main character a name that is easy to work with. Always remember that you’ll be with this character for a long time, so choose a name you at least like.

2) Make a short biography for your new character. You will be required to decide which physical characteristics suits your character best — hair, weight, eye colour and age. However, these will not be enough. Create a personality outline and include temperament, moral, political stance, hobbies, habits, quirks or eccentricities, likes/dislikes, fears or phobias, short and long term goals and hopes.

3) Remain with the point of view of your protagonist for as long as possible. Build a sense of empathy within your readers for all the information that they uncover through your story. Describe all the five senses that your characters encounter.

5 Ways to Create Suspense in Your Short Stories

Your heart is about to come out of its rib cage, your fingers are wet and you turn to next page. The antagonistic has just set another trap. How you wish you could do something to help the protagonist avoid it, but you can’t. Why? You are very helpless, completely at the mercy of the writer. That is what is called suspense. To create suspense in your stories, adopt the following ways.

Time

Use time to make pressure loom. There needs to be a goal that needs to be accomplished.

Distance

The distance between your character and his or her goal should be wide. This will surely create suspense. Suspense is created by the desire to reach a faraway destination.

Thoughts

Worry is also a good way to create suspense. Show the readers the tension that is running through your character’s thoughts.

Setting

Dangerous environment creates instant tension in a story. Put your characters in a dangerous environment; and the readers will be holding their breath, anxious to know what will happen next.

Loss:

Suspense is created when the main character is looking for a lost thing. And that thing should be very essential.

Common Types of Poetry you Should Know

To understand the techniques used by poets you have to read various types of poetry. Below are some common categories of poems and structure:

ABC: This five-line poem that attempts to create images and emotions. Although the first four lines can begin with any letter, they should be in alphabetical order. The fifth letter is not limited to the use of any letter.

Acrostic poem: In this type, first letters in the lines spell out a word if read vertically. An example is “Elizabeth”, written by Edgar Allen Poe.

Ballad: This kind of poem has a rhythm pattern. Usually, the poem is accompanied by music. Many ballads are used in western-type movies or country music.

Bio: This type of poem is written about an individual’s trait, life, and ambitions.

Canzone: This is an ancient Italian lyric poem with five or six stanzas and a shorter ending stanza.

Couplets: This is a two-line poem that has a simple rhyming pattern. Both lines should have the same number of syllables and their endings must rhyme with one another.

Other common types of poems you should know are blank verse poetry, elegy, epitaph, and idyll.